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For rosacea sufferers, the only thing that is more frustrating than a flare-up is a flare-up that doesn't seem to have a cause. The triggers vary greatly from person to person. Therefore, treating this condition and finding the right skin care products can be challenging.
As a refresher, rosacea is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, dry skin, visible blood vessels and skin-irritating bumps that are reminiscent of pimples. After acne and eczema, rosacea is one of the most common skin care diseases worldwide – an estimated 16 million American adults are currently affected.
While rosacea can affect people of all ages, genders, and skin types, patient surveys indicate that fair-skinned women over 30 are considered the most at risk. This chronic but treatable condition also has genetic roots – research has shown that rosacea is particularly common in people of Northern or Eastern European descent.
Given the capriciousness of this condition, we consulted the certified dermatologist and dermatological surgeon Sameer Bashey, MD, FAAD, for his expertise.
"Different ingredients trigger flare-ups and reactions in different patients," he says Who What Wear. How do you get to the bottom of things? "Write down what you ate, what you did, and what products you used [when one occurs]"Bashey advises." Knowing what triggers your flare-ups can help you avoid the ingredients, foods, or activities that make your rosacea symptoms worse. "
As for skin care products? "I always recommend doing a test on a small area of skin on your face or neck to see how you react to the formulation," he explains. "If a reaction occurs, write down the product and its ingredients and contact your dermatologist. Everything from topical treatments to oral medications to laser therapy can be used, depending on the specifics of each patient's rosacea case. "
Read on to avoid the most common rosacea triggers as well as Bashey's ingredients and product recommendations.
We know it can be annoying to hear – especially during Christmas – but since the skin is the largest organ in your body, the foods you consume can have a big impact on your skin's health.
"Studies and surveys have shown that there are several common triggers for rosacea patients, such as spicy food and alcohol," explains Bashey. "Another common culprit is hot food because high temperatures expand the blood vessels and open them for increased blood flow. This leads to a flush."
Recognizing the triggers of your diet takes a little effort in advance. But once you've done the groundwork, you can cut these foods off your diet, or at least predict a flare if you choose to treat yourself.
Excessive sun exposure will harm your skin regardless of whether you have an illness or not. "[But] Harmful rays from prolonged exposure to the sun can even cause a flare-up in rosacea patients, "warns Bashey. He recommends wearing a daily sunscreen with sun protection factor 30 or higher all year round.
Astringents are commonly used to remove excess oil from the skin, ideally after removing makeup and cleansing, Bashey explains. But for people with rosacea, strong astringents – especially those that contain alcohol – can do more harm than good. "It is important to remove excess oil from rosacea patients sometimes an advantage, "he explains." But overexertion can irritate the skin, dry it out and cause a flare-up. "
While scrubs can help clear pores and even skin tone and treat acne, strong scrubs can irritate rosacea-prone skin. "Excessive use of physical or chemical peels (such as alpha-hydroxy acids and beta-hydroxy acids) can exaggerate the skin, which leads to sensitivity," he explains.
The doctor adds "[Exfoliating] also inhibits the moisture retention of your skin, since overlapping impairs the barrier function of your skin. One of these main functions is maintaining hydration. "In general, products are products that can dry out or irritate the skin Not the friend of a rosacea patient.
Since dry skin is a hallmark of rosacea, moisturizing moisturizers and serums are among the most important skin care products for patients.
"You will want to use products that contain humectants, These are compounds that attract water molecules, "says Bashey." A humectant draws moisture from the dermis (the second layer of skin) into the epidermis (the top, visible layer). "Hyaluronic acid, glycerin, urea and AHAs are all known humectants. Second, products containing ceramides are incredibly moisturizing and help keep the skin from drying out," he adds.
Rozatrol from ZO® Skin Health tops the list of Bashey's rosacea soothing skin care products. "It's a powerful treatment that contains moisturizers, antioxidants, and mild exfoliating properties to help alleviate the typical symptoms of rosacea," he notes. "The product's powerful plant stem cell complex, ZO-RRS2® soothes and protects the skin. "
Because antioxidants protect your skin from free radicals and oxidative damage, antioxidant-rich skin care products can help soothe skin prone to rosacea and prevent flare-ups. "Products with antioxidants such as vitamin C, E and retinols (vitamin A) protect the skin and promote its natural ability to heal itself," explains Bashey. He recommends using a mild antioxidant serum to protect the skin from free radical damage while avoiding fine lines and wrinkles.
Although rosacea patients should generally avoid harsh products and ingredients, the right chemical peel can work wonders. "Chemical peels should be used sparingly," Bashey warns. "But if used properly, it can benefit rosacea patients and their overall condition."
Dermatologist Ashley Magovern, MD, certified by the board, confirms this feeling. "I prefer chemical peels for rosacea-prone skin types over mechanical peels," she told Dermstore. "Try products with almond, lactic acid or glycolic acid."
Regardless of which product you try, she recommends walking slowly and slowly: "It is important that you do not irritate or exaggerate your skin. The long-term goal is to improve your skin over time."