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When it comes to skin care, most of us have the same ultimate goal here: healthy, glowing, and glowing skin. When your skin looks dull, tired, and flat, it can be quite frustrating.
"Dull skin is skin that lacks radiance or luminosity," explains Dr. Derahologist Joyce Imahiyerobo-Ip, FAAD, owner of Vibrant Dermatology and SkinBar MD. "There are many factors that contribute to dull skin. One of the main reasons is poor cell turnover, which deteriorates with age. As we age, our skin cells produce less oil and do not retain as much moisture. This leads to an accumulation of dead skin cells That Make Your Skin Look Dull. Even youthful skin can appear dull if it's dehydrated and not properly hydrated. Ironically, dull skin can also appear if your skin is over-exfoliated or if you use products that keep the skin from its natural Free oils. ""
However, there are a few ways you can turn dull skin over, and they might not require fancy treatments. The reason you have dull skin determines how you treat it. However, it can also be as simple as changing your lifestyle or adding certain products to your skin care regimen. Basically, with a few tweaks, you are well on your way to that shine.
Before you go out to treat your dull skin, find out why you have it. Some cases are easier and quicker to treat than others. Here are some common causes:
Structure of dead skin cells: These can build up and give the skin a dull appearance if not removed regularly, says board-certified dermatologist Grandma Agbai, MD, FAAD, assistant clinical professor and director of multicultural dermatology at UC Davis School of Medicine.
Dry skin: According to Agbai, this tends to worsen in the fall and winter months when the air is drier.
The skin barrier or outermost layer is damaged: "When the skin barrier is healthy, it blocks the entry of pollutants and chemicals. However, when the skin becomes dry it can damage the skin barrier and lead to inflammation and small cracks in the skin," explains Dr. Robyn Gmyrek, a board certified dermatologist at Park View Laser Dermatology. "The skin can appear dull, dry, red or blotchy. In order for the skin to stay hydrated, the skin barrier must be healthy. Otherwise there is what is known as transepidermal water loss."
Sun damage: "Ultraviolet-induced skin changes from the sun can lead to premature wrinkling due to the breakdown of skin collagen and sun elastose, which can lead to dull skin," Agbai adds. "In addition, excessive UV exposure and hormonal influences can cause diffuse hyperpigmentation of the face known as melasma."
Air pollution: "Air pollution can lead to dull skin and premature signs of aging," explains Agbai. "A research study conducted in China found that long-term exposure to air pollution in an urban setting can worsen the appearance of aging. This may be due to the production of free radicals in the skin from prolonged exposure to air pollutants."
Loss of collagen and elastic tissue: "As we age, sun damage and pollution from our environment and smoking, we lose collagen (which makes up 75 to 80% of our skin) and elastic tissue," says Gmyrek. "When we lose these proteins that give our skin structure, the skin becomes thinner with an irregular, non-smooth texture, and has less fullness, making it appear dull. As fine lines and wrinkles appear on the skin, light is gone reflects off a smooth surface of skin. Light reflected off an irregular surface such as wrinkled skin is scattered and the surface appears dull and dull. "
Physical stressors: Bad sleep, dehydration, mental stress, and excessive alcohol consumption are also factors.
This is possibly the easiest step and can help with the effects of air pollution. Imahiyerobo-Ip recommends using a gentle detergent twice a day that can remove dirt but is not particularly dry.
"A healthy balance between exfoliating and hydrating is key to glowing skin," explains board-certified dermatologist Elyse Love, MD, FAAD. "Exfoliating is helpful in preventing white heads and blackheads from forming. However, exfoliating too aggressively or too frequently can cause irritation and dryness. Therefore, balance is vital. With hydration, skin feels and looks plump and bouncy out."
Love says a nighttime retinol or retinoid followed by a moisturizer can help you get glowing skin. If you have sensitive skin, she recommends starting this product and other exfoliating products slowly and / or testing products on the side of the face first to avoid irritation.
Gmyrek adds that peptides, vitamin C, and alpha hydroxy acid products along with retinols and retinoids can stimulate collagen and elastic tissues.
"To promote skin hydration, using moisturizers that contain ingredients like dimethicone, ceramides, and hyaluronic acid can make the skin feel hydrated and refreshed," says Agbai. "A pro tip is to apply moisturizer to damp skin to lock in moisture."
Ceramides, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and colloidal oatmeal can help repair the skin barrier. Shea butter and oils like argan can also help, adds Gmyrek.
Imahiyerobo-Ip says that in addition to cleansing and moisturizing, you can also consider using a hyaluronic acid-based moisturizing serum – especially if you are over 30 years old – to help draw and retain moisture on your skin.
"Avoid drying skin products with alcohol, avoiding hot showers or washing your face, and using a humidifier to keep your surroundings moist," says Gmyrek.
Gmyrek says if you have redness, look for products containing niacinamide. For brown pigmentation, she recommends ingredients such as vitamin C, hydroquinone, kojic acid, tranexamic acid and niacinamide.
If your dull skin is caused by a loss of collagen and elastic tissue, you may need high-frequency laser or microneedle treatments, says Gmyrek. And if it's caused by loss of skin support due to changes in fat and bone, fillers or surgery may be an option.
There are a few things to keep in mind when treating dull skin if you have specific skin conditions, types, or concerns. Here are a few pointers:
If you have dry skin: Be careful when using retinoids as they can make dryness worse. Start using it slowly and move on to nightly use from a few nights a week if it is not irritating.
If you have darker skin: "When it comes to over-the-counter facial rejuvenation products, people with darker skin should be careful with topical retinoids, which can lead to hyperpigmentation if used too often," says Agbai. In some cases, a nonflammatory chemical peel in the office may be a better option as it is less likely to cause hyperpigmentation. If you have fair skin, you may need a chemical peel that will go deeper. She recommends talking to your dermatologist about specific options for your skin type.
If you have sensitive skin: "People with sensitive skin can exfoliate and use acids and retinoids or retinols. However, you should choose formulations that are specific for sensitive skin and they should start new products very slowly," says Gmyrek. "I also recommend that all of my patients, especially those with sensitive skin, only start one new product at a time to make sure they are tolerating it before adding another."